say/tell/talk

作者:陳雲飛

say/tell/talk

say

1.說出某句話

       She said, “I love you.”(她說:「我愛你。」)

       say  hello / one’s prayers

              bye / good morning

(說哈囉∕祈禱∕再見∕早安)

2.後接名詞子句(但say與子句之間不能直接接人稱代名詞或名詞)

       I am sorry to say (that) I have to go.(很抱歉我要走了。)

3.說明時間

       My watch says 10:00 sharp.(我的錶是十點正。)

4.書、信、布告、報紙上的「說」

       The notice says, “No school on Monday.”(通告說「星期一停課」。)

5.慣用語

       It goes without saying that education is important to everyone.

(不用說,教育對每個人都是重要的。)

       It is said that he is rich.(=He is said to be rich.)(據說,他很有錢。)

       Strange to say, he was calm when he heard the bad news.

(說也奇怪,當他聽到這壞消息時卻很平靜。)

       Sam is a good student; that is to say, he gets good grades in school.

(山姆是好學生,也就是說,他在學校的成績很好。)

       You can say that again.(對極了;你說得好;我同意你。)

tell

1.講故事;說實話

       Old men like to tell stories.(老年人喜歡講故事。)

       We should always tell the truth.(我們應該永遠說實話。)

2.辨別(tell~from)

       She cannot tell right from wrong.(她無法辨別是非。)

3.

(1)接「間接」與「直接」受詞

(2)tell+受詞+that子句

       They told me that he was a liar.(他們對我說他是個騙子。)

                 IO           DO

4.叫某人做某事

       I told him to study harder.(我要他更加用功。)

 talk

1.連續地說話(談話)

       What were they talking about?(他們講什麼?)

2.慣用語

       We talked over the matter with her.(我們和她談論了那個問題。)

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