被動語態省略by

被動語態省略by

主動語態的主詞為People, They, You, We, Somebody等含糊地表示一般的「人」,變為被動語態時,常將“by+某人”省略。

例:Somebody stole my purse

→My purse was stolen (by somebody).(有人偷了我的錢包。)

客觀的說法

表客觀的說明常用“It is+p.p.”的句型。下面以常見的“It is said(據說)”為例:

 

People/They say (that) S+V…

→It is said that S+V…

→S+is/are/am +said to+V(表現在或未來)/have+p.p.(表過去)

 

They say that Tom is sick in bed.

→It is said that Tom is sick in bed.

→Tom is said to be sick in bed.

(據說湯姆臥病在床。)

下列的動詞或片語不能用被動式

take place(發生)        belong to (屬於)

happen    (發生)        break out (爆炸)

occur       (發生)        consist of (組成)

例: A car accident happened here a week ago.(○)

A car accident was happened here a week ago.(×)

(一個星期前在這裏發生了車禍。)

 例:This house belongs to me now.(○)

This house is belonged to me now. (×)

(這棟房子現在屬於我。)

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