形容詞子句

作者:陳雲飛&許文達&夏進

形容詞子句

引導形容詞子句的連接詞

1.關係代名詞:who, whom, whose, which, that, as, but, what

2.關係副詞:when, where, why, how

3.關係形容詞:which, what, whose, whichever, whatever

形容詞子句的功用

修飾主詞       

The student who answered the question was Joe.

(回答問題的學生是喬。)→〔修飾主詞the student〕

修飾受詞       

Heaven helps those who help themselves.

(天助自助者。)→〔修飾受詞those〕

修飾主詞補語       

This is the house where(=in which)I lived in my childhood.

(這就是我童年住過的房子。)

1.形容詞子句又稱關係子句,其作用只修飾主要子句中的某一名詞,或稱先行詞。

2.凡是進行式的形容詞子句,可省略關係代名詞和be動詞,僅用現在分詞即可。

例:The woman (who was) driving the car was drunk.

(正在開車的那個女人是喝醉酒了。)

副詞子句

副詞子句的功用

修飾動詞:   

When it rains, I usually go to school by taxi.

(天下雨時,我通常坐計程車上學。)

修飾形容詞:       

We were glad because we had you with us.

(我們因有你同在一起而高興。)

副詞子句補充說明

類型

說明

1.while所引導出的附屬子句常用進行式(be動詞+V-ing)。

While Jack was lying on the bed, his parents came in.
(當傑克正躺在床上時,他的父母走進來。)

2.when / while若連接兩個未來式的句子,附屬子句要使用現在簡單式代替未來式。

When school begins, I will use my free time better.
(我開學後會更善用空閒時間。)

3.after / before若連接兩個未來式的句子,附屬子句要使用現在簡單式代替未來式。

I will tell Mike the fact after he finds it out.
(我會在麥克發現之後告訴他事實。)

4.since(自從),必須接過去的某個時間點或子句並搭配現在完成式使用。

 

 

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