副詞子句的功用

副詞子句的功用

用法

例句

修飾動詞

When it rains, I usually go to school by taxi.

(天下雨時,我通常坐計程車上學。)

修飾形

容詞

We were glad because we had you with us.

(我們因有你同在一起而高興。)

副詞子句補充說明

類型

說明

1.while所引導出的附屬子句常用進行式(be動詞+V-ing)。

While Jack was lying on the bed, his parents came in.
(當傑克正躺在床上時,他的父母走進來。)

2.when / while若連接兩個未來式的句子,附屬子句要使用現在簡單式代替未來式。

When school begins, I will use my free time better.
(我開學後會更善用空閒時間。)

3.after / before若連接兩個未來式的句子,附屬子句要使用現在簡單式代替未來式。

I will tell Mike the fact after he finds it out.
(我會在麥克發現之後告訴他事實。)

4.since(自從),必須接過去的某個時間點或子句並搭配現在完成式使用。

5.as soon as(一…就…)連接兩個幾乎同時發生的動作,而若連接兩個未來式的句子時,附屬子句用現在簡單式代替未來式。

I’ll tell Susan to give you a call as soon as I see her.
(我一見到蘇珊就會叫她打電話給你。)

because與so不可以在同一句子中同時出現連用。

Because I am your father, you have to listen to me.
(因為我是你爸爸,所以你必須聽我的。)
=I am your father, so you have to listen to me.

1.若前後主詞為同一人時,in order to / so as to V可以簡化成為to V,(in order)to V還可以放在句首表示強調。

He got up early so that / in order that he could catch the first train.
=He got up early (in order) to catch the first train.
=(In order)to catch the first train, he got up early.

2.否定式為in order not to V或so as not to V(以免)

He came in quietly in order not to wake his wife up.
(他安靜地進來以免吵醒他的太太。)

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