假設語氣的其他形式

作者:陳雲飛&許文達&夏進

假設語氣的其他形式

(一)句型一

If的省略

條件子句中的if有時候被省略,在這種場合之下,條件子句中的動詞就要移到主詞之前,做倒裝句。

Were I young, I would learn to ski.(=If I were young,…)

(如果我年輕,我會去學滑雪。)

 Had I been there, I would have saved more money.

(=If I had been there,…)

(假如當時我在那裏,我一定存更多錢。)

(二)句型二

I wish+假設語氣

例:

        I wish I were a rich man.(但願我是個富翁。)

        I wish I could speak French.(但願我會說法語。)

        I wish I had been in Paris last year.(但願我去年曾在巴黎。)

 

1.「I wish+假設語氣」

係表示「不可能實現的願望」。wish 後面的that常被省略,本句型做「但願…;真希望…;要是…就好了」解。

2.I wish+were∕過去式V

表「現在」不能實現的願望。

3.I wish+had+p.p.

表「過去」不能實現的願望。

4.I wish (that)=

If only=Would (that)

If only she would stop talking.(但願她停止說話。)

(三)句型三

主要子句的動詞是現在式、現在完成式或未來式時,其後的名詞子句的動詞,可按照句意使用時式,如:

as if (=as though)+假設語氣

He talks as if he were a doctor.

(他的談吐好像他是個醫生。)→事實上,他不是個醫生。

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