動詞的變化

動詞的變化

(一)規則動詞

 

變化方式

說明

範例

Ved

基本變化,動詞後加ed;若字尾為e則直接加上d即可

enjoyed, cleaned, closed…

Vied

子音加y的字,要去y+ied

studied, tried, cried…

重複字尾+ed

子音+短母音+子音的字

planned, dropped, stopped…

(二)不規則動詞

1.A-B-C(三態變化皆不同)

現在式

過去式

過去分詞

中文

現在式

過去式

過去分詞

中文

begin

began

begun

開始

write

wrote

written

blow

blew

blown

know

knew

known

知道

break

broke

broken

打破

ride

rode

ridden

騎車

go

went

gone

see

saw

seen

看見

drive

drove

driven

開車

sing

sang

sung

唱歌

eat

ate

eaten

speak

spoke

spoken

give

gave

given

take

took

taken

拿取

 

2.A-B-B(過去式、過去分詞相同)

現在式

過去式

過去分詞

中文

現在式

過去式

過去分詞

中文

bring

brought

brought

帶來

make

made

made

製造

build

built

built

建造

mean

meant

meant

意指

buy

bought

bought

meet

met

met

遇見

catch

caught

caught

接住

pay

paid

paid

付費

feel

felt

felt

感覺

say

said

said

find

found

found

sell

sold

sold

forget

forgot

forgot/

forgotten

忘記

send

sent

sent

寄送

get

got

got/gotten

得到

sit

sat

sat

hear

heard

heard

聽到

spend

spent

spent

花費

hold

held

held

握著

stand

stood

stood

keep

kept

kept

保持

teach

taught

taught

leave

left

left

離開

think

thought

thought

認為

lend

lent

lent

借出

understand

understood

understood

理解

lose

lost

lost

失去

win

won

won

 

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