「否定句」的被動語態

「否定句」的被動語態

1.句型

(1)主動=主詞+do/did/dose+not+原形V+受詞…

(2)被動=主詞+be+not+p.p.+by+受詞

(3)be動詞的時態與主動句一致,人稱與新主詞一致。

       He doesn’t teach English.

English is not taught by him.(他不教英文)

       He didn’t study English.

English wasn’t studied by him.(他沒有研讀英文。)

「疑問句」的被動語態

1.Yes-No問句:

(1)句型(一)

主動=Do/Did/Dose+主+原形V+受詞…?

被動=Be+主詞+p.p.+by+受詞…?

Did you write the love letter?

→Was the love letter written by you?(你寫了這封情書嗎?)

(2)句型(二)

主動=Do以外的助動詞+主詞+原形V+受詞?

被動=助動詞+主詞+be+p.p.+by+受詞…?

Can he finish the project in time?

→Can the project be finished in time by him?

(他能及時完成此案子嗎?)

2.wh-問句:

(1)句型(一)

主動=Wh-(當主詞)+動詞+受詞…?

被動=介詞+wh-+be+主詞+p.p.…?

Who wrote the love letter?

→By whom was the love letter written?(誰寫這封情書?)

(2)句型(二)

主動=Wh-+助V+S+Vt?

被動=Wh-+助V+be+p.p.+by+受詞…?

What will you do next?

→What will be done by you next?(你下一步要做什麼?)

英文寫作,如遇有下列情形時,常用被動語態:

1.行為者不明:

His father was killed in the war.(他父親在戰爭中喪生了。)

2.避免主觀,而用“It is+p.p.”的句型:

It is suggested that we postpone the meeting until next month.

(我們建議把會議延到下個月。)

3.說話的重點在接受動作者,而不在主動者:

The book was written by Harry.(這本書是哈利寫的。)

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