易混淆之動詞:fear∕frighten 台北捷運公司

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 易混淆之動詞:fear∕frighten

1.  fear=be frightened=be afraid(害怕)

2.  frighten(vt.)使害怕

3.  主詞害怕時,fear用主動式,frighten用被動式。

例1 She fears to sleep alone in the dark.(她不敢在黑夜一個人睡。)

例2 I was much frightened at the scene.(看見那景象使我非常驚恐。)

 doubt∕suspect

doubt

“doubt”表示對事情「真假」的「懷疑」,有「不相信」的意思。

例1 I doubt the truth of this report.(我懷疑這項報導的真實性。)

例2 I doubt that he is coming.=I do not believe that he is coming.

(我不相信他就要來了。)

suspect

“suspect”指「猜疑」或「嫌疑」某事情,有「猜想」「猜測」的意思。

例1 I suspect that he is a crime.(我猜想,他是一個犯人。)

例2 He is suspected of killing three people.(他涉嫌殺了三個人。)

例3 They suspected him of stealing the watch.(他們懷疑他偷了手錶。)

 compose∕consist∕contain

contain=consist of

=be composed of(由…組成)

=be made up of

form=constitute=make up(構成;組成~)

accept∕receive∕take

receive是指「收到」,而accept則是指「接受」,在比較通俗的情況中常用take來代替accept。

例1 I have received your invitation, but I am sorry to tell you that I can’t accept it.

(我已收到了你的邀請,但很遺憾的要告訴你,我無法接受。)

例2 They offered Rollan a nice job, but he wouldn’t take it.

(他們提供了一個很好的職位給Rollan,但他不願接受。)

choose∕elect∕select∕pick

choose

choose-chose-chosen(vt.)表示「由…之中選出來並實際加以利用」。

例1 You must be careful in choosing your friend.(你必須小心選擇朋友。)

例2 They chose Mr. Ma as their leader.(他們選馬先生當他們的領導者。)

elect

“elect”指「選舉或選派」。

例 The chairman will be elected from the members.(主席將由會員之間選出來。)

select

表示「由許多中選最適當的」。

例 You have to select the best book for reading.(你必須選最好的書來讀。)

pick

大致上與select相同,比較生活用語。

例 Pick out the book that you like to read.(挑一本你喜歡讀的書。)

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