動名詞的慣用句型 台北捷運公司

動名詞的慣用句型

不可能∕無法

There is no+V-ing=It is impossible+to V.

【例句】

There is no knowing what may happen to us.

(無法知道會(在我們身上)發生什麼事。)

=It is impossible to know what may happen to us.

 ……是無用的

It is no use+V-ing

=It is useless+to V.

=It is of no use+to V.

【例句】

It is no use trying to persuade him. 嘗試說服他是沒用的。

=It is useless to try to persuade him.

=It is of no use to try to persuade him.

花費

人+spend+錢∕時間+(in) V-ing∕on+N.(主詞是人)

S.+take+……+時間+to+V(常以虛主詞it或動名詞開頭)

S.+cost+錢+to V.(常以虛主詞it或動名詞開頭)

【例句】

She spends ten years working on this program.(她花了十年運作這項計畫。)

=It takes her ten years to work on this program.

(運作這項計畫花了她十年。(虛主詞it))

=Working on this program takes her ten years.

(運作這項計畫花了她十年。(事情為主詞))

It costs me two hundred dollars to get a cup of coffee.

(一杯咖啡花了我兩百塊。)

=A cup of coffee costs me two hundreds dollars.

注意》的前一句以虛主詞開頭,不定詞當補語。第二句以東西為主詞。Cost和take都不能以人為主詞。

7.  對做……有困難∕容易

S.+have a good time/have trouble +(in) V-ing

 

【例句】

Some people have difficulty talking about themselves.(有些人不擅於談論自己。)

I had a hard time learning English in the beginning as you do.

(我和你一樣,在學習英文的初期遭遇困難。)

百科問與答

  • (600字以內)
留言身份 :