助動詞隨時態與主詞人稱不同而變化者 桃園大眾捷運公司

助動詞隨時態與主詞人稱不同而變化者

Do、does、did、has、have、had。

助動詞片語

had better=may as well(最好)

ought to=should(應該)

would rather……(than)……(寧願……也不願)

may well(有足夠理由)

例:He may well get angry. =He has good reason to get angry.

(他有理由生氣。)

例:I would rather starve than steal. =I prefer to starve than to steal.

(我寧願挨餓也不願偷竊。)

重要助動詞

(一)have

1.一般動詞用:

(1)「有」       

例:Everyone has a name.(每個人有一個名字。)

(2)Have+受詞+原V/p.p.

I have him wash my car.

(我叫他洗我的車。)

He had his hair cut yesterday.

(他昨天理了髮。)

(3)「必須」(=have to)     

I always have to work hard every day.

(我必須每天努力地工作。)

老師說:

1.have作本動詞時:

(1)否定句常用:主詞 did not have+N.

例:I don’t have any money.(我沒有錢。)

(2)疑問句常用:Do/Did主詞 have+N?

例:Do you have any money?(你有錢嗎?)

2.have作使役動詞時:

(1)have 人 原V,作「請~;叫~(去做)」解。

(2)have 物 p.p.,作「請人把~」解。

(3)have to,作「必須」解。

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