下列的動詞或片語不能用被動式 台北捷運公司

下列的動詞或片語不能用被動式

take place    (發生)        belong to (屬於)

happen        (發生)        break out (爆炸)

occur           (發生)         consist of (組成)

A car accident happened here a week ago.(○)

A car accident was happened here a week ago.(×)

(一個星期前在這裏發生了車禍。)

This house belongs to me now.(○)

This house is belonged to me now. (×)

(這棟房子現在屬於我。)

以「動名詞」或「不定詞」表被動語態

下列動詞看似主動,但其實含有被動的意義:

1.be worth+V-ing(值得…)

2. need/want/require+V-ing(需要…)

The book is worth reading.

=The book is worthy to be read.

=The book is worthy of being read.(這本書值得一讀。)

My car needs checking.

=My car needs to be checked.(我的車子需要檢查。)

用其他介系詞代替by

在被動語態中,表示行為者的介系詞,通常用by;

但有些動詞不用by而要用其他的介系詞(如to, in, at, with…)。

be

動詞的過去分詞

介詞

be

acquainted                     (認識)

covered                         (覆蓋)

satisfied                         (滿意)

with

be

amazed                          (驚訝)

astonished                     (吃驚)

surprised                        (驚訝)

shocked                         (震驚)

disappointed                  (失望)

at

be

interested                       (感興趣)

engaged                         (從事於)

in

be

accustomed

 

(習慣於)

used

devoted                         (獻身於)

known                           (為~所知)

engaged                         (與…訂婚)

to

The mountain is covered with snow.(山被雪所覆蓋。)

I was surprised at the news.(這消息使我吃驚。)

He is interested in art.(他對美術感興趣。)

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