基本的分詞構句 桃園大眾捷運公司

基本的分詞構句

(一)分詞構句的改法

1.省略連接詞

Because、since、as等表原因的連接詞必須除去,其他連接詞if/although/when……等可以保留。

2.省略相同的主詞(若主詞不同則不能省略主詞)

保留二個不同的主詞,謂之「獨立分詞構句」。

3.原從屬子句的動詞改為分詞

主動用Ving,被動用-pp,主被動的選用由逗號後面的第一個字決定。

兩句的主詞相同,且有因果關係,可以藉由連接詞,使用分詞構句合併。

I haven’t received a satisfying answer.

I call the lawyer again.

(1)決定兩者關係:「因為」我沒得到滿意答覆,「所以」我再次致電律師。變成:

Because I haven’t received a satisfying answer, I call the lawyer again.

(2)決定可省略的部分:表因果時,連接詞because, so, since都可省略。此外,前後主詞一致時,前句主詞亦可省略。

Because I haven’t received a satisfying answer, I call the lawyer again.

變成:Haven’t received a satisfying answer, I call the lawyer again.

(3)將前句主要動詞改成分詞:因為haven’t received 應將haven’t改成Not having。變成:

Not having received a satisfying answer, I call the lawyer again.

(完成)

I stand in front of the house.

I think of my little sister.

→Standing in front of the house, I think of my little sister.

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